From the Civil War to Eisenhower a Divided Church in America

Crisis, Charles Coulombe: The Church was certainly divided during the American Civil War—Father Abram Ryan was both a Confederate chaplain and the “poet-priest of the South,” while Father John Ireland was a Union chaplain and, later, the key leader of the Americanist heresy. There were Catholic units on both sides. When the war ended, the three-sided battle among Ultramontanes, Americanists, and those later called “Cahenslyites” commenced, with ultimate victory going to the second named. Full article is here.